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Important Facts You Need to Know About ADHD

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder or ADHD is a condition characterized by inattentiveness, impulsiveness, and hyperactivity. ADHD is usually diagnosed between 6 to 12 years old, and the manifestations are observable at an early age, becoming noticeable when a child starts school or any change in circumstances. The exact cause of ADHD is unknown, but genetic influence shows to be a strong factor in the occurrence of ADHD. The possible contributory factors that may have caused ADHD include low birth weight, prematurity (birth before the 37th week of pregnancy), and alcohol, smoking or drug abuse during pregnancy. Although ADHD is more common in people with learning difficulties, it can occur to any patient with any level of intellectual ability.

The signs of ADHD may be less obvious and some patients may have problems with one category only such as problem with inattentiveness but not with impulsiveness or hyperactivity. ADHD cannot be cured, although it can be managed by medication, educational support, and advice for affected children and their parents. It is important to take note that patients with ADHD can’t help their behavior, and some issues may arise every day such as listening and carrying out instructions, getting ready for school on time, being organized, social occasions, or getting your child to sleep at night. The signs and symptoms of ADHD among children and teenagers are well defined, and they are very noticeable before six years old, occurring in more than one situation like at home and school.

The main signs of inattentiveness include being easily distracted, short attention span, careless mistakes like school work, losing things, appearing forgetful, unable to focus on tasks which are time-consuming or tedious, changing tasks constantly, difficulty completing and organizing task, and unable to listen to and carry out instructions. The behavioral signs of hyperactivity and impulsiveness may include the following: unable to wait his turn, little or no sense of danger, unable to sit still especially in quiet or calm surroundings, constantly fidgeting, unable to concentrate or focus on tasks, excessive talking, excessive physical movement, acting without thinking, and interrupting conversations. All of these signs and symptoms can significantly affect a child’s life, such as poor social interaction, problems with discipline, safety concerns, and underachievement at school.
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There are also related conditions associated with ADHD such as anxiety disorder (child worries too much or gets nervous all the time), depression, epilepsy, Tourette’s syndrome or learning difficulties. The medications often prescribed to treat ADHD include methylphenidate, dexamfetamine, lisdexamfetamine atomoxetine, and guanfacine. These medications are often prescribed for helping patients with ADHD concentrate or focus better, feel calmer, be less impulsive, and learn and develop new skills.Lessons Learned About Tips